An expected value in the future is ‘discounted’ to reflect today’s value, assuming a positive return on investment or inflation rate.

Essentially one dollar in the future is not worth as much as one dollar today; the future dollar is worth less than today’s dollar, hence discounted.

**Formula**

The FV formula is essentially an inverse of the PV formula and is reflected by the following:

\[FV=PV{{\left( 1+i \right)}^{n}}\]

•Present value (PV) is the value of an investment today, at time zero;

•Future value (FV) is the value of today’s investment at a future point of time;

•‘n’ is the amount of periods, often in years, in the future; and

•‘i’ is the assumed interest rate an investment is projected to earn.

An abbreviated FV table is included here as **Table 1**.

**Example**

A simple 1 million dollars investment made today at 5% interest in 20 years would have a value of 2,650,000 dollars as represented in the following formula. This also can be calculated simply from our table by multiplying 1,000,000 dollars by 265/100.

\[FV=\$1,000,000{{\left(1+0.05\right)}^{20}}=\$2,650,000\]

**Table 1** Future value Table